The Antiquarium was established by the Nettuno Council in April 1975 in order to collect archeological, historical, artistic and bibliographical material relating to the territory.
The exhibition presented is of an undoubtedly rare nature: it showcases a brief preview of some of the most important finds. At present, the important documents are being studied and restored.
Fossils from the Pliocene and Quaternary Periods are exhibited in the section dedicated to Malacology (mollusks, shells).
In the section dedicated to Prehistory there are finds regarding:
The Lower Palaeolithic – without doubt one of the most important and significant sections scientifically, in which there are the most ancient artefacts ever found in the Agro Pontino (Pontine marshes) that have allowed to fix the date of the earliest presence of man in the area (400,000 years ago). Many areas have yielded important historical pieces: Quarto delle Cinfonare, Le Ferriere, Valloncello, Campoverde, all in the area around Nettuno.
The Middle Palaeolithic – the artefacts attributed to this period are certainly the most numerous; there are finds that are of particular importance for the specific use of small flint bowls for the production of stone artefacts. The makers of this kind of products were mainly Neanderthals; their appearance is well known thanks to the famous skull found at the Circeo promontory.
The Upper Palaeolithic – the finds come from three large early settlements located in Colle Parito, Torre del Giglio and Torre del Padiglione. These objects date back nearly 20,000 years.
Neolithic – in the exhibition includes not only stone axes and arrow heads but also the first millstones to grind cereal.
The section dedicated to History contains fragments and objects that have allowed us to reconstruct the public, commercial, artisan, artistic and religious activities.